Population / ethnic groups
In the year 2018, the total population of Thailand was estimated at about 69,000,000 inhabitants. Just over half live in the large metropolitan areas. The densely populated area of Bangkok is 4000 inhabitants per km².
Ethnic Thais make up about 75 percent of the population. About 14 percent are ethnic Chinese who are barely similar to the Thai people and often do not speak Chinese in the 2nd or 3rd generation. The 4 percent are Malays and the remaining 7 percent are distributed to Khmer, various hill tribes, refugees and migrant workers from Myanmar, Cambodia and Vietnam, as well as immigrants from all over the world. In recent years, many guest workers, mainly from Myanmar, Laos and Cambodia came to Thailand. There are 30,000 to 50,000 Germans live permanently in Thailand.
The mains voltage is 220V AC / 50Hz.
Sockets have different standards in Thailand. High power devices typically use the British standard, and small devices mix Japanese standard and Euro plug.
Thus fits our small plug [Euro plug] (the flat plug with two thin pins without protective conductor) as well as anywhere without an adapter. (Razor, cell phone charger, etc ...).
For our large plug [Schuko or contour plug] (the round with two thick pins) you need an adapter. (mostly on laptop charger, hair dryer, etc ...)
Money & Currency
The currency in Thailand is the Thai Baht (THB). 1 baht = 100 satang.
The exchange rate (as of Jan 2021) is: 1 € = ~ 36 THB.
Currency exchange is possible in hotels, banks, airports and authorized bureaux de change. As a rule, you will get the best exchange rates in a bank at shopping center, so the recommendation is not to exchange the big amount directly at the airport to THB. To exchange money, you need an internationally recognized ID document, usually a passport.
Major credit cards are accepted in hotels, shopping center and in upper class restaurants. ATMs can be found at every corner. For example, every 7/11 (small 24h supermarket) or on each highway parking lots and every gas stations. Credit and debit cards (with Maestro symbol) are usually accepted. For shopping in markets and outside the larger cities, it is advisable to take cash in small bills.
Please check with your bank before departure if you can use your debit and credit card in Thailand and what fees are charged.
Mobile networks / SIMcards / Internet
The mobile network expansion in Thailand is absolutely fantastic for German conditions. A comprehensive expansion with LTE even in the most remote corners is standard. You will have the connection almost everywhere, we meant LTE (internet) even on the top of the moutains or in the ocean.
If you are a mobile phone addicted user, we recommend that you pick up a tourist SIMcard at the counter of Mobile Network Operators when you arrive at the airport (TRUE, DTAC, AIS). This costs about 10-15 € for 2 weeks and includes 8GB-20GB LTEdata volume. This will take time around 5-10 minutes to apply for the new SIMcard and don't worry about the communication, all staffs communicate in English.
There are also free Wi-Fi / WIFI internet access available in all public areas, as well as cafes and restaurants. For most visitors, this is completely sufficient to keep update with your family in your home country.
The year in Thailand begins with the death of the Buddha. So they are 543 years ahead of our "Gregorian calendar". Thus, our year 2020 corresponds to the Thai year 2563. Although the Thai New Year is celebrated in mid-April, the turn of the year was brought forward to January 1. The goal was to create less confusion among international visitors while at the same time conforming to international standards.
Photo by : pantip.com
Buddhism (Theravada Buddhism) is the dominant religion of Thailand (~ 94%).
In addition, there are up to 5% Muslims (mostly Malays in southern Thailand), 0.6% Christians and 0.1% (about 65,000) Hindus (mostly Indians). Only 0.4 percent call themselves religion-less.
Thailand is a left traffic country! The streets are very well developed, even remote villages can be reached by car. The traffic rules and the street signs are similar to European standard. All labels and texts are almost always in English.
Wide and multi-lane roads connect all major cities. But be aware of animals, villagers, bicycles, kids besides the roads while driving.
Within localities a speed limit of 60 km/h applies, outside on country roads max. at 100 km/h and on the tollways or payment roads usually 120 km/h.
Even there are the punishment of traffic violations, but rules are oftenly broken. You will experience regularly about overtaking on the left side, excessiving speed limit, overtaking in overtaking banned zone and driving too close to the car in front. Therefore, always be careful!
The interpretation of guilt in the event of an accident is not always comprehensible to Europeans and the chance that you as a European, even as a non-accident causer, but you maybe guilty. Therefore, we offer you a private trip with drivers and our personal assistant.
Asia is located on the east from our point of view, in the direction of the rising sun. Thus, Thailand is ahead of our time. It is not different between summer or winter time. Thailand is based on the international time zone GMT / UTC + 7 throughout the year. Thus, the time difference from the Central European Time CET (GMT / UTC + 1) in winter and CET + 1h (summer time rule) in summer is calculated as follows:
during our Central European winter time: + 6h
during our Central European summer time: + 5h